Filing for bankruptcy is a big decision. It has both positive and negative financial consequences that impact you and your family. Before you make such a big decision it's important to weigh your options and understand the ramifications of filing for bankruptcy in Ontario, both in the short and long term.
A word of caution: Filing for bankruptcy can be a complicated process that can't be fully understood by skimming through a few articles. We strongly suggest that you take your time and do your research to determine which debt management options are best for your unique situation. Ontario bankruptcy trustees are the best place to go when seeking detailed information about bankruptcy. At Hoyes Michalos we offer you a free initial consultation, which is great because it means that you can test the waters prior to making any commitments.
The cost of bankruptcy in Ontario includes fees that need to be paid when declaring bankruptcy such as government filing fees, court fees and other administrative fees. The average bankruptcy will require a minimum payment of around $200 per month to cover these costs.
You will also be required to pay something called surplus income. Under the rules of the Bankruptcy & Insolvency Act you are required to remit to your trustee 50% of your net income over a set minimum threshold. This calculation can become quite complicated and can increase the cost of your bankruptcy so you should always take to your trustee about the possibility of having to make surplus payments.
Another important point to mention is that if you file for bankruptcy you’ll be losing any assets that are non-exempt. Exempt assets in Ontario are covered in the Ontario Execution Act and the Bankruptcy & Insolvency Act. Some of the exemptions (updated for 2015 limits) include:
- unlimited clothing;
- $6,600 of vehicles;
- $13,150 of furnishings & appliances;
- $11,300 of equipment that you use for your career (tools of the trade)
- RRSPs and similar pension funds except contributions made within the last year.
Particular kinds of life insurance are also exempt.
Another complicated area in bankruptcy is tax refunds and HST credits. If you file for bankruptcy you won’t be eligible for some tax refunds or HST credits. You’ll also lose any windfalls during your bankruptcy. Windfalls include money that you've inherited from a family member, or the lottery. The moment you’re aware of these, you must tell your trustee immediately.
Since secured loans, child support and alimony and some other debts cannot be included in a bankruptcy, you will still need to make your regular payments on these obligations even if you declare bankruptcy.
In order to understand how much you’ll repay once you’re bankrupt, your trustee will talk to you about your income, the size of your family and your assets as well as other considerations. Contact an Ontario bankruptcy trustee at Hoyes Michalos who can assess your situation and give you a more detailed idea of how much filing for bankruptcy will cost you.