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Mortgage of 85% Or More A Bankruptcy Risk

Mortgage of 85% Or More A Bankruptcy Risk

Without the ability to borrow with a mortgage few of us would be able to buy a home.  That’s why mortgages are great, but only to a point.  It is possible to have too much mortgage.

Avoid a high ratio mortgage

A mortgage is considered a high ratio mortgage when you have less than a 20% deposit or down payment when you purchase your home. Take on a high ratio mortgage and you have to pay mortgage insurance through a mortgage insurer such as Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC), Genworth Canada or Canada Guaranty.

The risk of a high ratio mortgage to your financial stability doesn’t just apply when purchasing a home. It is also a factor to keep in mind when taking out a HELOC to pay for renovations or considering taking on a second mortgage in order to consolidate existing credit card and other debts.

Rising house prices cannot compensate for second or even third mortgages to refinance credit card debt or HELOC balances that increase when homeowners default or miss payments due to a sudden financial hardship like a job loss or increase in interest rates.

A detailed review of our Joe Debtor insolvency study in 2013, when homeowner insolvencies were high, found that 9 in 10 insolvent homeowners carried a high ratio mortgage at the time of their insolvency. The average mortgage debt amounted to 85% of the net realizable value of their home.

Almost one in ten had negative equity in their home before factoring in selling costs and only 57% had positive equity once commissions and other closing costs were considered.

Piling on credit card debt

The danger of a high ratio mortgage is that it can be the trigger point for filing bankruptcy. If you have little or no equity in your home you have no room to maneuver.  If you can’t or don’t want to sell, you make do by using your credit cards to pay your living expenses so you can keep up with your mortgage payments. If your renovation costs exceeded your budget, you may be forced to turn to higher cost unsecured debt to finish the project.  When this happens:

  • you may not be able to consolidate unexpected credit card debt.
  • you may not even be able to sell your home for enough to pay off the mortgage and start over. In fact, 43% of all insolvent homeowners had no equity value in their home at all.

In addition to owing 85% of the value of their home in mortgage debt, the average insolvent homeowner owed an additional $72,500 in unsecured debt. While a high ratio mortgage was the initial risk, it is this unsecured debt that becomes the final straw that leads to insolvency.

When you can’t pay your mortgage

While it may not be surprising to find that insolvent homeowners have little, or no, equity in their home at the time of filing, it may surprise you to know that most do not lose their home in a bankruptcy.

The better solution may be to clear up outstanding unsecured debts through bankruptcy or a consumer proposal. Filing bankruptcy or making a debt proposal with your creditors will eliminate your unsecured debt payments, improving your cash flow and serving as a preventative measure against foreclosure. The trick however is to work hard to put any additional payments you can towards your high-ratio mortgage and reduce  the balance to a more manageable level as fast as  you can.

If you are struggling with mortgage payments and other unsecured debts, contact us today to talk with one of our experienced Licensed Insolvency Trustees about your options. In a free consultation we will review your specific circumstances, understand what you need to accomplish and help you develop a plan to eliminate overwhelming debt and put your finances back in balance.

Similar Posts:

  1. Will Homeowner Insolvencies Rise and By How Much?
  2. Can’t Pay Your Mortgage? Options To Keep Your House
  3. Homeowners Not Filing Insolvency Despite Rate Hikes – Why Not?
  4. Seniors – A Small Group Carrying High Risk Debt
  5. Second Mortgage Home Equity Loan or Interest-Free Consumer Proposal?

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